With the increasing death toll due to the coronavirus – it is now more than necessary to know and understand what it is? And how we need to protect ourselves from having it?
Cases of highly infectious and easily transmittable diseases Coronavirus has emerged as one of the deadliest outbreaks since Ebola which had killed approximately 11,310 humans in 2014. Coronavirus has several types and has been found in humans time-to-time, but this recent adaptation of the virus is unnatural to be seen in humans. Believed to have originated from a seafood market in the Wuhan province of China – where wildlife is also traded illegally. Scientists believe the virus might have been transmitted through an infected species of bats or snakes, although nothing is confirmed yet.
The virus has been declared as a global health emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO) after the reported deaths outside of China. The symptoms of the virus are like any other cold or flu symptoms – from a runny nose, sore throat, fatigue, cough to fever (in some cases) making it extremely risky to be detected. Contracted mostly during the winter months or early spring, the virus is communicable and is transmitted through human-to-human contact. A simple handshake or even touching a surface that has the virus could infect people.
As proved, there is no cure for a common cold. The virus proves dangerous as it escalates to the life-threatening stages of pneumonia, SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome). SARS and MERS viruses are also a part of the coronavirus family but are far more dangerous. When the Novel coronavirus reaches the SARS or MERS stage – the deaths reported are due to the multi-organ failures of the liver, lungs and the heart.
With the complete Wuhan and Hubei province on lockdown in China – the outspread has found its way to around 37 countries killing around 811 people with nearly 37,198 cases registered.
Although the spread is alerting, there are several ways we can protect ourselves from the outbreak. With 2 cases reported in Kerala, India – it is better to be safe than sorry. Avoiding public outings while being sick, wearing a mask when out, always covering the mouth during coughing or sneezing, drinking enough fluids, avoiding exertion, avoiding smoky areas and using a cool-mist vaporizer. All these preventions work well, but if the cold and cough don’t seem to improve, consulting a doctor is the best way to early detection.
The most important thing remains to maintain hygiene at home and around it too. From proper waste disposal, avoiding eating out to using hand sanitizers and handwashes whenever necessary – it is significant to stay healthy. Most cases have been reported in China alone, but as we await the scientists and doctors working towards finding a cure to the widespread disease – it is advisable to stay put and maintain sanitation.